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Poison Promise Kills Hundreds in Iran  03/27 06:18

   TEHRAN, Iran (AP) -- Standing over the still body of an intubated 5-year-old 
boy wearing nothing but a plastic diaper, an Iranian health care worker in a 
hazmat suit and mask begged the public for just one thing: Stop drinking 
industrial alcohol over fears about the new coronavirus.

   The boy, now blind after his parents gave him toxic methanol in the mistaken 
belief it protects against the virus, is just one of hundreds of victims of an 
epidemic inside the pandemic now gripping Iran. 

   Iranian media report nearly 300 people have been killed and more than 1,000 
sickened so far by ingesting methanol across the Islamic Republic, where 
drinking alcohol is banned and where those who do rely on bootleggers. An 
Iranian doctor helping the country's Health Ministry told The Associated Press 
on Friday the problem was even greater, giving a death toll of around 480 with 
2,850 people sickened.

   The poisonings come as fake remedies spread across social media in Iran, 
where people remain deeply suspicious of the government after it downplayed the 
crisis for days before it overwhelmed the country. 

   "Other countries have only one problem, which is the new coronavirus 
pandemic. But we are fighting on two fronts here," said Dr. Hossein Hassanian, 
an adviser to Iran's Health Ministry who gave the higher figures to the AP. "We 
have to both cure the people with alcohol poisoning and also fight the 
coronavirus."

   For most people, the new coronavirus causes mild or moderate symptoms, such 
as fever and cough that clear up in two to three weeks. For some, especially 
older adults and people with existing health problems, it can cause more severe 
illness, including pneumonia, or death.

   The pandemic has swept across the world, overwhelming hospitals, crippling 
economies and forcing governments to restrict the movements of billions of 
people. Particularly hard hit has been Iran, home to 80 million people. 

   As of now, there is no known cure for COVID-19, the illness caused by the 
virus. Scientists and doctors continue to study the virus and search for 
effective medicines and a vaccine.

   But in messages forwarded and forwarded again, Iranian social media accounts 
in Farsi falsely suggested a British school teacher and others cured themselves 
of the coronavirus with whiskey and honey, based on a tabloid story from early 
February. Mixed with messages about the use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers, 
some wrongly believed drinking high-proof alcohol would kill the virus in their 
bodies. 

   The Islamic Republic has reported over 29,000 confirmed cases and more than 
2,200 deaths from the virus, the highest toll of any country in the Middle 
East. International experts also fear Iran may be under-reporting its cases, as 
officials for days played down the virus ahead of a parliamentary election. 

   That fear of the virus, coupled with poor education and internet rumors, saw 
dozens sickened by drinking bootleg alcohol containing methanol in Iran's 
southwestern Khuzestan province and its southern city of Shiraz. Videos aired 
by Iranian media showed patients with IVs stuck in their arms, laying on beds 
otherwise needed for the fight against the coronavirus, including the intubated 
5-year-old boy. Iranian media also reported cases in the cities of Karaj and 
Yazd.

   In Iran, the government mandates that manufacturers of toxic methanol add an 
artificial color to their products so the public can tell it apart from 
ethanol, the kind of alcohol that can be used in cleaning wounds. Ethanol is 
also the kind of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, though its production is 
illegal in Iran. 

   Some bootleggers in Iran use methanol, adding a splash of bleach to mask the 
added color before selling it as drinkable. Sometimes it is mixed with 
consumable alcohol to stretch supply, other times it comes as methanol, falsely 
advertised as drinkable, Hovda said. Methanol also can contaminate 
traditionally fermented alcohol.

   Methanol cannot be smelled or tasted in drinks. It causes delayed organ and 
brain damage. Symptoms include chest pain, nausea, hyperventilation, blindness 
and even coma.

   Hassanian said his figures included reports from coroner's offices around 
Iran also counting those who died outside of hospitals from the poisonings.

   "Unfortunately in some provinces, including Khuzestan and Fars, deaths from 
drinking methanol has exceeded the number of deaths from the new coronavirus," 
he said. 

   Dr. Knut Erik Hovda, a clinical toxicologist in Oslo, said to expect more 
methanol poisoning victims.

   "The virus is spreading and people are just dying off, and I think they are 
even less aware of the fact that there are other dangers around," Hovda said. 
"When they keep drinking this, there's going to be more people poisoned."

   Even before the outbreak, methanol poisoning had taken a toll in Iran. One 
academic study found methanol poisoning sickened 768 people in Iran between 
September and October 2018 alone, killing 76. 

   Other Muslim nations that ban their citizens from drinking also see such 
methanol poisoning, although Iran appears to be the only one in the pandemic so 
far to turn toward it as a fake cure. In Buddhist Cambodia, police said they 
seized 4,200 liters (1,100 gallons) of methanol from a man who unwittingly 
planned to make toxic hand sanitizer because of the virus outbreak. 

   Muslim drinkers in Iran can be punished with cash fines and 80 lashes. 
However, minority Christians, Jews and Zoroastrians can drink alcoholic 
beverages in private.

   While police occasionally announce alcohol busts, the trade in nontoxic 
alcohol also continues. Locally made Iranian arak from fermented raisins, known 
as Aragh sagi, sells for $10 for a 1.5-liter bottle. Imported vodka sells for 
$40 a bottle. 

   "Every year during Nowruz, or the Persian New Year holidays that begin March 
21, my customers double," said Rafik, an Iranian-Armenian who makes vodka in 
the basement of his Tehran home. He spoke on the condition that only his first 
name be used for fear of arrest. "This year, because of corona, it jumped up by 
four- or five-fold."

   Farhad, a self-described heavy drinker who lives in central Tehran, said 
alcohol remains easy to find for those looking for it. 

   "Even you can find it offered when you are walking down the street, " he 
said.

   Since 1979, Iran's 40 alcohol factories have seen their production changed 
to pharmaceutical needs and sanitizers. Others had been left idle, like the 
abandoned Shams alcohol factory east of Tehran. 

   But now, in a time when even some mosques in Iran hand out high-proof 
alcohol as a sanitizer, officials plan to start work again at Shams to produce 
22,000 liters of 99% alcohol a day. 


(KR)

 
 
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